Most parents know that babies are prone to catching the common cold during the first year of life or developing a condition known as colic that causes them to show the world how well their lungs are working.
Stanford Children’s Health adds that there are lesser-known issues such as developmental hip dysplasia that can crop up during this time period and that parents need to know about so that if they see any red flags, they can take their child to the pediatrician right away to get diagnosed and begin treatment — lest it go undiagnosed and then they have to deal with this irritating condition as an adult.
Learn more below about other common conditions that babies are susceptible to dealing with during the first year of life.
20 Ear Infection
Kinsa Health notes that little ones are way more prone to getting ear infections stemming from their middle ear because that area’s still developing and there’s a higher chance of it retaining fluid.
Some parents prefer to wait ear infections out, but it’s best to go see the pediatrician ASAP so your child can get some meds to heal them.
19 Severe Hearing Impairment
For parents that notice that their child gets frequent ear infections, it’s important to take them to an ENT for a full audiological evaluation because those infections could lead to hearing loss.
According to Healthy Hearing, some children have permanent hearing loss from too much exposure to loud noises but others are born with it, either due to genetic or non-genetic reasons.
According to Kids Health, one common issue that many parents run into when they have an infant is colic, which refers to when their baby exercises their lungs constantly for no reason that they can fathom.
There are some different remedies to help soothe a colicky baby, such as changing their formula or letting them eat more frequently, so it’s important to ask the pediatrician what they think is the best approach.
17 Respiratory Syncytial Virus
According to Kinsa Health, it is pretty common for almost all children under the age of two to come down with the respiratory syncytial virus, which causes an annoying wheezing sound to emanate from their little one.
Since it is a virus, there’s nothing doctors can do other than tell parents to keep their children hydrated and use a humidifier until their immune system kicks the virus out.
16 Infant Acid Reflux
Kinsa Health writes that since the muscle that helps keeps food down in the tummy isn’t fully developed until a child hits the one-year mark, many babies develop Infant Acid Reflux and spit up frequently on their parents.
Common remedies for this issue while parents wait for the muscles to develop include feeding baby in smaller batches more frequently throughout the day and letting them stay in an upright position for a half hour after they eat.
15 The Common Cold
Most adults simply shrug it off and take some vitamins or cold meds from the local store when they come down with the common cold, but infants don’t have that luxury.
Kids Health points out that babies are more likely to get a cold because their immune systems are still forming and it’s best to head to the pediatrician right away so they can recommend age-appropriate cold meds for baby to take.
14 Having The Runs Frequently
Kid’s Health writes that infants and young children are often prone to getting stomach upsets that causes them to get the runs and spend a copious amount of time in the bathroom.
Depending on whether the upset bowels are due to something like a food allergy or an infection caused by icky bacteria, it’s best to call the pediatrician and see if they think it’s time to bring the little one in for a look-see.
13 Feeling Constipated
Kid’s Health points out that it is perfectly normal for babies to deal with constipation during their first year of life, especially once it is time to wean them off of milk and introducing them to solid foods.
Get in touch with your pediatrician to see if they can recommend ways to help your child’s stool issues.
12 Hip Dysplasia
For moms that had babies that were in the breech position or have close relatives that were diagnosed with hip dysplasia, both of these are risk factors and it’s best to have the pediatrician check them to make sure their hips are good.
Stanford Children’s Health notes that depending on the child’s age, they might have to wear a special harness to get the hips in the right place or undergo surgery to put them in the proper position.
11 Some Developmental Delays
WebMD notes that it is important for parents to keep an eye on their babies as they grow just in case they show any signs of any kind of developmental delays, such as having delayed speech when they hit the toddler stage.
Depending on what is causing the delay, a pediatrician will recommend different kinds of treatment. For example, a toddler that has a speech delay will be evaluated by a speech-language pathologist and create a plan to help parents work with this issue by doing things such as reading out loud every day to their child.
10 Warts Popping Up
Raising Children notes that it is pretty common for little ones to get warts, especially on their hands. Even though warts generally don’t cause any pain for the child, parents have to be vigilant and make sure that they don’t pick at it since the warts can spread to other areas on their body.
Most warts go away on their own, but if they don’t, a pediatrician has several remedies at their disposal to get rid of them once and for all.
9 Tummy Bugs
According to Raising Children, most children encounter something that gives them a tummy bug and causes stomach cramps or frequent trips to the bathroom in order to make friends with their toilet bowl.
Most tummy bugs subside on their own, but until they do, it’s important to make sure that your little one stays hydrated and every member of the family washes their hands vigorously.
8 Oh My, Pinkeye
Raising Children notes that pinkeye, also known as conjunctivitis, is another common ailment that plagues children, especially if they go to daycare, pre-school or kindergarten where they’re in closed spaces and have more chances to encounter germs.
Since pinkeye can be caused by bacteria or virus, it’s important to go to the pediatrician immediately so they can figure out which one’s causing it and then recommend the proper treatment.
Raising Children notes that many little ones often come down with impetigo, which causes bacteria to form red spots on a child’s face, hands, and legs that are incredibly itchy.
Since this bacterial infection is incredibly contagious, your pediatrician will have to give your child antibiotics to nip the impetigo in the bud and make sure none of their peers catch it either.
6 Seeing Lice In Their Hair
According to Raising Children, many children wind up getting lice once they are enrolled in pre-school or start kindergarten because these annoying parasites are easily spread in small spaces.
While lice are a total pain in the rear end to deal with, the remedy is simple: mom and dad can use a special comb and lots of conditioner to get rid of these pests.
5 Contracting Worms
Raising Children notes that it’s not only dogs that can come down with worms—little children can contract them too, especially if they aren’t as diligent as they should be when it comes to washing their hands.
There are special tablets parents can purchase over-the-counter if they suspect their child has worms, or they can take them to the doctor for meds. Either way, worms are very contagious and it’s important to make sure the entire family washes their hands frequently and you wash your child’s clothes and bed sheets too.
4 Diaper Rash
The Mayo Clinic writes that many infants often come down with diaper rash due to the fact that their diaper chafes them, they have sensitive skin or their diapers aren’t changed quickly enough and they stay too long in a soiled one.
Most of the time, over-the-counter creams and letting the baby go diaper-free for a few hours will do the trick.
3 Speaking With A Lisp
Parents adds that some moms and dads might become fretful if they notice that their toddler speaks with a lisp, but this is actually a common occurrence for children in this age group.
Most of the time, toddlers outgrow their lisp by the time they hit the age of four. If they’re four years old or older and still have a list, then it’s time to ask the doctor to recommend a good speech therapist.
2 Night Terrors
Even though it can be unnerving for mom and dad to witness their toddler wake up screeching from their sleep at the same time every night, Parents writes that there’s no need to worry because night terrors are very common for kids to experience at this age.
One way to remedy their night terrors is to gently wake them up about 30 minutes before they usually start in with the loud screeching in an attempt to override the sleep stage that causes this problem in the first place. After a few nights of this routine, the night terrors should stop.
1 Strep Throat
According to the Children’s Hospital of Wisconsin, children (especially those that are school age) tend to get strep throats because it’s very contagious and sometimes parents erroneously believe it’s a simple sore throat.
Once a pediatrician has performed a test to confirm that it is strep throat, they’ll give their patient some antibiotics and it’s best to keep your little one home for a day or so to give the meds a chance to kick in.
Sources: Kinsa Health, Healthy Hearing, Kid's Health, Stanford Children's Health, WebMD, Raising Children, Mayo Clinic, Parents, Children’s Hospital of Wisconsin.