Nepal has announced that there are currently 235 wild tigers in the country—double the 2009 baseline of 121 tigers. Through nation-wide plans and action, the country was able to bring back these beautiful creatures to their forests. They serve as an example that through collaborative efforts, we can save endangered species.
Poaching and habitat destruction are the main reasons for the disappearance of many species on our planet. While it would be ideal to solve both issues at once, it can be difficult to work on the two at the same time. Nepal chose to target tiger poaching, and they are making slow but steady progress towards rehabilitating their wild population.
Nepal conducted a national tiger survey for the period of November 2017 to April 2018. Authorities used camera traps and occupancy surveys to estimate the population in the transboundary Terai Arc Landscape, an area with diverse ecosystems shared with India. The survey found that the tiger population has doubled from when they last conducted it in 2013. Nepal has committed to a national initiative to increase their number of wild tigers, and they have four more years to go to reach their goal. With their current progress, it is with no doubt that they will reach it if they continue with their current efforts.
Nepal has also committed to conserving the wild population of other animals as well. Last May the country celebrated 365 days of zero poaching of rhinos. Their outstanding achievements serve as reminders that it is possible for us to save the endangered species of the world. It takes time, commitment, and effort, but the results are definitely worth it. With a rehabilitated wild population of these animals, ecosystems can return back to balance. An imbalanced ecosystem could lead to resource scarcity, and this would be detrimental to everyone’s well being.
With wild tigers roaming the forests of Nepal again, we can not only observe and study these beautiful creatures in their natural habitat, but also be sure that the presence of the top predator will prevent the overpopulation of certain animals in the area. The next step will be to keep a healthy population while ensuring that we can cohabit without issues. This could mean creating more reserves where the tigers will be safe from poaching and people will be safe from a provoked wild beast. Nepal has shown that together, we can save the beautiful creatures that roam our planet.