These water anoles have been dubbed scuba diving lizards due to the unique ability they have that allows them to breathe underwater.
The animal kingdom is pretty remarkable and truth be told, we have only seen a fraction of it. One of the most amazing aspects of it is how species have evolved over thousands of years in order to adapt to their surroundings and survive. That goes for humans too, although our recent contributions to the world around us are doing more bad than good.
Back to the animal kingdom though, and some ways in which creatures have evolved are more common and plain to see than others. Webbed feet, hibernation, your common garden variety forms of evolution. It's the unique ones that have not long been discovered that we are more interested in. That's where the water anole comes in, or the scuba diving lizard to give it its apt nickname.
As you can see in the video above, the anole is underwater and appears to be blowing bubbles. What it's really doing is far more sophisticated than that. The little lizard actually has a bubble over its nose. Said bubble allows it to remain underwater for an impressive sixteen minutes. It does this in order to evade predators, and as you might imagine, it's a pretty successful way of doing so.
"The inhalation and exhalation of the air bubble allow for some 'trading' of fresh air among these air pockets," Lindsay Swierk, assistant research professor at the State University of New York, Binghamton, told IFLScience. Swierk is also of the belief that the footage above, which she is responsible for, might well be the first time the anole's unique talent has been caught on film.
While the anole's air bubble method is unique, there are other animals that have developed similar methods. Diving beetles trap air on their bodies while underwater and can breathe those bubbles. Also, star-nosed moles use bubbles underwater not to breathe, but to smell. Pretty cool. Not quite as cool as the anole though, the creature that quite rightly holds the animal kingdom's scuba diving crown.