Recently, the general assembly of Uruguay managed to pass a historic law that’s going to protect the rights of all the transgender people around the country. The country’s senate had previously only approved this law, and now they have passed it.
VICTORIA: Momento en que se aprueba en Uruguay la Ley Integral para Personas Trans con medidas para combatir el discrimen y garantizar derechos como el cambio de nombre y género, acceso al trabajo, vivienda e intervenciones quirúrgicas. Más info: https://t.co/Cw3TKWGjmn pic.twitter.com/x485CNvSao— Pedro Julio Serrano (@PedroJulio) October 21, 2018
Under this law, the various treatment options that are available for transgender individuals are defined as their right, which means they are going to be able to receive the appropriate medical care, along with any hormone treatment as well as surgical options. And all of that is going to be paid by the government. Additionally, this bill also states that 1% of all government jobs are going to be set aside and assigned to transgender individuals, which is further going to ensure transgender people will definitely be employed within the government of Uruguay for the next 15 years. The law also allows transgender people to be able to use their preferred gender as well as being able to change their legal name without needing a judge’s approval.
In the past, specifically, between 1973 and 1985, when the country was under a military dictatorship, transgender people were one of the many negative targets in Uruguay. But thanks to this new law, the country is trying their best to make amends for those times, by setting up a monthly pension for all of the transgender people who were born before 1975.
This is just one of the many new bills that are currently being considered by the government of Uruguay for the country’s transgender population. In addition to the one they just passed, the government is also discussing a second proposal to the law which is already in place. With this new proposal, they are aiming to create new scholarships for transgender people, along with streamline all the changes of names and genders on official documents, as well as an affirmative action program for transgender individuals.
According to a representative from the Ministry of Social Development in Uruguay, the transgender people in Uruguay rarely reached an old age, since they are such a vulnerable community. Furthermore, both the state as well as the police detained and tortured them during the dictatorship in the 1970s and 1980s, and with these changes, they want to make amends with the community.